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Pakistani Origin Takayasu Arteritis: A Case Report with a Brief Review from Asymptomatic Presentation Till Diagnosis and Clinical Management

Takayasu's arteritis is a rare chronic granulomatous vasculitis that primarily affects the aorta and its branches. It is estimated that this disease impacts approximately 2.6 million individuals every year, with a higher prevalence among women in their second or third decade of life. In this case report, we describe the presentation and management of a 22-year-old female patient who initially sought medical attention from a neurologist due to upper and lower back pain. Initially, the patient's symptoms were managed conservatively. However, a few months later, she presented to the medical department with a high-grade fever, syncopal episodes, generalized body aches, and swelling in her right arm. The findings from the computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed diffuse thickening of the entire thoracic and abdominal aorta's walls, long segment luminal narrowing of the proximal left common carotid artery and left subclavian artery, as well as diffuse thickening of the abdominal aorta's wall. This case highlights the importance of recognizing that Takayasu's arteritis can present in an unusual manner. Early diagnosis and management are crucial steps towards providing appropriate care for patients. Due to the potential involvement of various arterial segments, Takayasu's arteritis can manifest with diverse symptoms and complications. Therefore, clinicians should maintain a high index of suspicion when encountering patients with unexplained symptoms, particularly those involving the aorta and its branches. In conclusion, the presented case emphasizes the need for prompt recognition and intervention in Takayasu's arteritis. By increasing awareness of this rare condition and its atypical presentations, healthcare professionals can ensure timely diagnosis and appropriate management, ultimately improving patient outcomes and quality of life. Further research is warranted to enhance our understanding of this complex disease and optimize its management strategies.

Takayasu Arteritis, Autoimmune, Autoimmune in Females, Vascular Disease, Large Vessel, Vasculitis

APA Style

Ahmad, S., Sajjad Ali Khan, M., Bahadori, P., Khan, A., Ahmad, W., et al. (2023). Pakistani Origin Takayasu Arteritis: A Case Report with a Brief Review from Asymptomatic Presentation Till Diagnosis and Clinical Management. Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research, 7(4), 93-96. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ccr.20230704.15

ACS Style

Ahmad, S.; Sajjad Ali Khan, M.; Bahadori, P.; Khan, A.; Ahmad, W., et al. Pakistani Origin Takayasu Arteritis: A Case Report with a Brief Review from Asymptomatic Presentation Till Diagnosis and Clinical Management. Cardiol. Cardiovasc. Res. 2023, 7(4), 93-96. doi: 10.11648/j.ccr.20230704.15

AMA Style

Ahmad S, Sajjad Ali Khan M, Bahadori P, Khan A, Ahmad W, et al. Pakistani Origin Takayasu Arteritis: A Case Report with a Brief Review from Asymptomatic Presentation Till Diagnosis and Clinical Management. Cardiol Cardiovasc Res. 2023;7(4):93-96. doi: 10.11648/j.ccr.20230704.15

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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