Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 79-82
Effect of Health Education and Follow-up on the Control of Residual Cardiovascular Risk in Patients Undergoing PCI
Yu Jian, Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
Liu Lihong, Department of Nursing, Linzhi People's Hospital, Linzhi, China
Chen Jiali, Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
Huang Xianzhen, Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
Qiu Weiyu, Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
Wang Jinlong, Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
Received: Oct. 3, 2018;       Accepted: Nov. 10, 2018;       Published: Dec. 19, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ccr.20180204.12      View  40      Downloads  13
Abstract
Objective To analyze the effect of health education and follow-up on the control of residual cardiovascular risk in patients after percutaneous transluminal coronary intervention (PCI). Methods One hundred participants admitted to the Department of Cardiology of The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University from October 2015 to October 2016 were randomly divided into control group and research group after undergoing PCI. Two groups received the same level of health education when discharged. The research group went back to the hospital to receive health education and health guidance every 3 months while the control group did not return to receive lecture and training but only returned to the outpatient clinic for regular or irregular reexamination and medication, and received telephone follow-up. The two-year follow-up of the two groups was summarized and analyzed. Results The cardiovascular event rate, rehospitalization rate caused by cardiovascular disease and the incidence of second stent implantation in the research group were significantly lower than those in the control group while the standard-reaching rate of low density lipoprotein and the drug compliance were significantly higher than those in the control group, and there was significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). Before the implementation of health education, there was no significant difference in the health knowledge score between the two groups (t=-0.211, P>0.005), but after the implementation of health education, the score of the research group was (25.96 + 0.44) which was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion Health education and follow-up have great effect on the control of residual cardiovascular risk in patients after PCI, which helps to develop a healthy life style, effectively reduce the incidence of risk events, and improve the prognosis of patients.
Keywords
Health Education, Follow-up, Patients Undergoing PCI, Cardiovascular Disease, Residual Risk Control
To cite this article
Yu Jian, Liu Lihong, Chen Jiali, Huang Xianzhen, Qiu Weiyu, Wang Jinlong, Effect of Health Education and Follow-up on the Control of Residual Cardiovascular Risk in Patients Undergoing PCI, Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2018, pp. 79-82. doi: 10.11648/j.ccr.20180204.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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