Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 17-21
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Sexual Dysfunction in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure in Yaoundé, Cameroon
Jerome Boombhi, Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Cardiology Unit, General Hospital of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Berthe Eteki, Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Ba Hamadou, Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Cardiology Unit, Central Hospital of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Mazou Ngou Temgoua, Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Donald Tchapmi, Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Alain Menanga, Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Cardiology Unit, General Hospital of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Samuel Kingue, Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Cardiology Unit, General Hospital of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Received: Feb. 5, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 25, 2020;       Published: Mar. 10, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ccr.20200401.14      View  147      Downloads  38
Abstract
Heart failure is a major public health problem in sub Saharan Africa, associated with high morbidity and mortality. Sexual dysfunction contributes a lot to the burden of the disease. This complication is linked to the side effects of drugs, physical and psychological factors, and the coexistence of shared risk factors between heart failure and sexual dysfunction. Although patients with heart failure frequently report sexual disorders, few data are available in our context. This research seeks to determine the prevalence and risk factors of sexual dysfunction in patients with chronic heart failure in three reference hospitals of Cameroon. We carried out an analytical cross-sectional study over a period of four months (January to April 2018). All consenting patient with chronic heart failure aged 18 years and above were selected. Baseline socio-demographical and clinical characteristics were collected. The assessment of sexual function was made using a self-administered questionnaire. Data analysis was done using the software IBM SPSS 23.0; the level of statistical significance was set at p<5%. A total of 170 patients with chronic heart failure were recruited, the mean age was 60.46 ± 10.66 years old, with a female predominance (sex-ratio=0.78). The prevalence of sexual dysfunction was 57.7%. The main sexual disorders were: Sexual desire disorders (21.65%), vaginal lubrication disorders (20%) in women, erectile disorders in men (17.3%), orgasmic dysfunction (7.22%), arousal disorders (4.44%) and sexual satisfaction disorders (1%). The independent risks factors of sexual dysfunction were: Female gender (p=0.008), age>60 years (p=0.001), hypertension (p=0.0017), use of beta blockers (p=0.0081) and fear of heart attack (p<0,001). Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with chronic heart failure in our context. Indeed, it affects more than half of our study population (57.7%) and is influenced by many factors.
Keywords
Sexual Dysfunction, Chronic Heart Failure, Sub-Saharan Africa
To cite this article
Jerome Boombhi, Berthe Eteki, Ba Hamadou, Mazou Ngou Temgoua, Donald Tchapmi, Alain Menanga, Samuel Kingue, Prevalence and Risk Factors of Sexual Dysfunction in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure in Yaoundé, Cameroon, Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 17-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ccr.20200401.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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