Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 85-91
An Evaluation of the Frequency and Severity of Erectile Dysfunction in Hypertensive Married Men Compared with Normotensive Married Men
Kabirul Hasan Bin Rakib, Department of Medicine, Mugda Medical College Hospital, Mugda, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Afroja Alam, Department of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Atikur Rahman, OSD-Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nazim Al Azad, Department of Internal Medicine, Mugda Medical College Hospital, Mugda, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Akm Habibullah Bahar, Department of Medicine, 250 Bedded General Hospital, Tangail, Bangladesh
Nazmul Hoque Munna, Department of Neurology, Mugda Medical College Hospital, Mugda, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Rabeya Bosri, Department of Gynae & Obs., Mugda Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Shaheen Lipika Quayum, Department of Pharmacology, Popular Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Abul Kalam Azad, Department of Internal Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: Apr. 22, 2020;       Accepted: May 21, 2020;       Published: Jun. 9, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ccr.20200403.12      View  60      Downloads  39
Abstract
Background: Erectile dysfunction (ED) exerts a major burden on the quality of life of the patients and their sexual partners. It has been identified as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Hypertension is a well-established risk factor for ED. Both hypertension and erectile dysfunction has age dependent relationship. Objective: To evaluate the frequency and severity of erectile dysfunction in hypertensive married men compared with normotensive married men of similar demographic characteristics attending a tertiary care hospital of Bangladesh during the period from June 2017 to March, 2018. Methodology: This cross-sectional comparative study includes 75 hypertensive and 75 normotensive young and middle-aged married men (31–59 years) those visited our outpatient clinic. From them, 75 patients had hypertension and 75 were normotensive. Erectile dysfunction was evaluated with pre validated Bengali version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire. Results: Erectile dysfunction (ED) was found in 61.3% of patients with hypertension compared with 37.3% of normotensive subjects. ED is more common and more severe among hypertensive patients than normotensive counterparts. Hypertension duration, hypertension severity and age were found positively correlated with erectile dysfunction. Taking regular medication and control of BP gave positive influence upon erectile status. No association was found between ED and smoking but a weak negative correlation of increased body mass index (BMI) and decreased ED was found in both hypertensive and normotensive group. Conclusion: Hypertensive patients present with erectile dysfunction more frequently than age matched normotensive individuals. As erectile dysfunction is a matter of embarrassment, doctors should be motivated to discuss such issue. Control of blood pressure seems to confer good influence upon the prevalence of erectile status. We need further studies to authenticate such observation and to unveil other risk factors of ED in our country and to go for appropriate management.
Keywords
Erectile Dysfunction (ED), Cardiovascular, Hypertension, Body Mass Index (BMI)
To cite this article
Kabirul Hasan Bin Rakib, Afroja Alam, Md. Atikur Rahman, Nazim Al Azad, Akm Habibullah Bahar, Nazmul Hoque Munna, Rabeya Bosri, Shaheen Lipika Quayum, Md. Abul Kalam Azad, An Evaluation of the Frequency and Severity of Erectile Dysfunction in Hypertensive Married Men Compared with Normotensive Married Men, Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2020, pp. 85-91. doi: 10.11648/j.ccr.20200403.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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